Whenever our news channels talk about the US, we are frequently told that it is the oldest democracy of the world. Also, the US president is usually mentioned as the ‘most powerful person of the world’. Although, very few of us know about the democratic history of the USA as well as the powers of US president, the process of presidential elections in the USA, required qualifications for the post etc. However, I believe many of us are curious to know about this, and I am also one of them. Hence, I decided to start this blog series based on the ‘US Presidential Elections’ scheduled to be held in November 2016. Through this blog series, I wish to share with you, all the relevant information that I come across.
However, before I begin writing further on this, I wish to clarify that I am not an ‘expert’ in this subject. I have started to read about this and collect information from various sources, just out of curiosity and I am only sharing that information with all of you. Hence, if you find any discrepancies, or if you would like to add any piece of information to it, please feel free to write a comment on contact me via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
So, let’s begin our voyage to know about the US Presidential Elections.
Although, the USA has a history dating back to thousands of years, but in this blog series, we will concentrate only on its political history. USA is a federal constitutional republic. In simpler words, this means that it is a union of states, which is governed as per its constitution, and theoratically, any citizen of this country can reach up to the highest office. In US, the power is divided amongst the president, the congress (parliament) and the judiciary. The President is the head of the Federal (national) government and the nation. He is the chief of the executive branch of the federal government as well the commander-in-chief of US armed forces. The person holding this office leads the country which has the biggest economy in the world, whose military expenditure is more than any other country of the world and which has the largest active neuclear arsenal. This is why the US president is often referred to as the most powerful person in the world. We will later discuss about these presidential powers and constitunional provisions in another blog post.
The democratic process began in modern America during the ‘US revolution’ (1765-1783). During this period, 13 British colonies rejected the British authority. In fact, from as early as 1765, these states had started their struggle against the collection of taxes by the British parliament. Later, they even launched an armed struggle from 1775 to 1783. In 1774, these colonies united together to form an organization that was named as the ‘Continental Congress’. This continental congress on 4th July 1776, declared these 13 colonies free from the British rule and established a new nation named as the United States of America. This historical document is known as the ‘Declaration of Independence’.
From 1774 to 1788, fourteen men served as the presidents of continental congress. The US constituion was accepted in 1789, after which the presidential system of governance was adopted and George Washington became the first president of the USA.
2. http://bit.ly/1dBvYO6 (Image source)